Notable Women Of Ancient Greece

By | November 8, 2018

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HYPATIA (c.3.70-415) mathematician and philosopher (NE0PLAT0NIST), murdered by the followers of Cyril, Patriarch of Alexandria.Mid-19th century artist's reconstruction. (Photo by: Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images)

The contributions of women were often downplayed or disregarded, particularly in ancient times. But history has shown us that a number of important women in ancient Greece helped to shape classic thinking and left their imprint on the culture. Many of them laid the foundation for the remarkable women who came after them and helped to blaze a trail for gender equality. Let’s take a look at a few of the notable women of ancient Greece and their contributions to the world. 

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Hypatia of Alexandria

One of the first female mathematicians, Hypatia of Alexandria (350-415 CE) was also a noted astronomer and philosopher. She oversaw the Philosophical School of Alexandria and was the librarian of the famous library of Alexandria. She often presented lectures on both mathematical and philosophical subjects, along with her father, the astronomer, and mathematician, Theon of Alexandria. Hypatia is even credited with developing the astrolabe, an instrument that was used to calculate the positions of celestial bodies. Hypatia was a proponent of Neoplatonism, a belief that sought to reunite abstract ideas with the tangible human. Many Ancient Greeks considered this philosophical ideology to be in opposition with religious beliefs and Hypatia was accused of engaging in witchcraft. She was stoned to death.